Recruitment to the Civil Services is through a Competitive Selection Procedure known as the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, covering 24 Services which include the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS),Indian Police Service (IPS) etc.

Aspirants should have Balance of Judgment; variety and depth of Interest; ability for Social Cohesion; ability to hold and delegate Authority; the art of inspiring Loyalty and stimulating and channelizing Enthusiasm; tact for dealing with a wide cross section of Society, both Bureaucratic and Otherwise; intellectual and moral Integrity and enjoyment of Responsibility.

Eligibility Criteria:

Any Indian National who have attained the Age of 21 years, and have not attained the upper Age Limit (As spcified in the UPSC Notification) on 1st August of the Year in which He/She attempts the Exam, are Eligible.

Qualifications Required:

  • The Candidates must hold any degree in any Discipline from any recognized University.
  • Final Year Degree Students who will obtain Degree by August 1, of the Year in which He/She is going to appear in the CSAT Examination are also eligible.
  • The degree can be of any Class (Distinction, First, Second etc)
  • Degree obtained by Distance Education/Open University is also eligible if the University is a Recognized University.

Please Note:

  • For some Candidates, there is a limit on the number of times you can attempt CSE Examination.
  • Even attending to one Paper of CSAT counts as an Attempt.
  • Applying for CSAT but not attending for any Paper does not count as an Attempt.

The Competitive Examination comprises of two successive Stages:
(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) for the selection of Candidates for Main Examination; and
(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of Candidates for the various Services and Posts.

The Preliminary Examination will consist of two Papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions).
This Examination is meant to serve as a Screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the Candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of Merit.

Paper I (200 Marks), Duration: Two Hours:

  • Current Events of National and International Importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change - that do not require Subject Specialization
  • General Science

Paper II (200 Marks), Duration: Two Hours

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
  • Decision Making and Problem Solving
  • General Mental Ability
  • Basic Numeracy (Numbers and their Relations, Orders of Magnitude etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (Charts, Graphs, Tables, Data Sufficiency etc. - Class X level)
  • English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
The Interview is held in April-May of the next Year. It carries a weightage of 275 marks and is conducted by boards comprising of retired and serving senior Administrators and Academicians. The number of Candidates called for the Interview is influenced by the total number of vacancies expected to be filled in each Year.

The Final Result is announced in June, around a year after the Preliminary Exam was conducted. Thus, the entire Examination Process from the Preliminaries to the Main Exam and the Interview takes a full Calendar Year.

The Civil Services attract Candidates from all Disciplines including Medicine, Engineering, Management, Law, Accountancy, Humanities, Commerce, Arts etc. It offers a fair scope to climb to the highest Post in every Service, based on Experience and Performance.

Success is the intersection of three immutable major Tenets: Ability, Interest, and Opportunity. The lack of any one of these factors effectively guarantees Under-Performance or outright Failure.


The beauty of the Ability tenet is that in the presence of sustained Interest, Ability can improve over time. Conversely, if Interest tapers off, the growth of Ability can be hampered. Additionally, Ability can decay over time as is proven by the saying,"If you don't use it, you lose it."

To use our Guitar Player analogy, It's easy to see that an interested Guitar Pupil will practice more often and be motivated to improve, whereas a Guitar Player that hasn't played in a while will notice that their skills have deteriorated since the last time they played. 


Interest is Passion. Without Passion there is no Enthusiasm, without Enthusiasm there is no Effort, without Effort there are no positive Results, and without positive Results there is no positive Reinforcement - or Flywheel Effect.


The most transient and fluid of the three tenets, Opportunity is the most important for the scale of overall success. Opportunity can take on many forms, but is almost always due to exterior influence. 

Many students tread down the path of Civil Services Examinations without knowing more about how difficult the Exam really is. Are you one of them? Statistics show that more than five lakhs Students applied for the Civil Services Exams for total of approximately 900 Vacancies.

Nothing beats hard work but at a later stage you need the edge of smart work to rise above Others.  Revise and master the Concepts and Rules but make sure that you should possess some extra Quality Points as compared to your Competitors in order to get higher marks as compared to them. Attempt Practice Exercises according to stipulated time and have the Attitude – How can I get even a single Question Wrong.

 (a) Easy Questions in which you made Silly Mistakes:

i.Reason – You are either not concentrating or you need to develop the stamina to use your brains for 2 continuous hours.

ii.Solution – Study for longer Periods of time without much needed breaks. It’s a Marathon, prepare Properly.

(b) Questions which you could not’Understand during the Exam but you could easily crack them later with a fresh Mind:

i.      Reason – You need to have the ability to concentrate for 2 long Hours.
ii.      Solution – Stop succumbing to the temptation of breaks during Study Sessions. You are justifying Yourself when you think that after a break you will understand better or get a better Score.

A lot of Students work really hard for the Exam. They peak up their Preparation before the Exam, get bored of covering the same Syllabus Topics and get Complacent. This should not happen. Follow a strict Study Schedule as per Pre-Designed Annual Study Calender. This will keep the fire burning in your belly and will give you Reasons to Work harder.

Even though you may have spent the last several months preparing for the Exam, you’re probably feeling slightly anxious about the CSAT. In addition to developing an approach to each section of the Exam, you need to be mentally prepared for the challenges presented by the CSAT. Most Test Takers feel some anxiety, and the most prepared are those who have worked hard and learnt to manage that anxiety. Having a Plan to manage stress is essential to achieving your Optimal Score.

If you encounter a Situation expecting to be Successful you are much more likely to be Successful than if you expect to Fail. Consider the following two Statements by two different Students:

1) I am never going to get this. If I attempt the CSAT I will be a Failure.
2) I am well Prepared and deserve to do my Best. I know what to expect and I am ready to Succeed.

It shouldn’t take too much to figure out which Student is going to do better. Whether it’s looking in a mirror and saying affirming Statements or writing a positive thought on your rough paper on Test Day, it’s very important to go into the actual Exam expecting to be Successful. This can be a difficult Exercise at first, but you must get Yourself in a Frame of Mind to Succeed. When you dwell on negative thoughts, your mind isn’t free to work on the Test. Trust that you are well Prepared.

When you take an Aptitude Test such as the CSAT, you have a lot of work to complete in a limited amount of time. Mastering the huge quantum of Syllabus, by its very design, makes the CSAT a stressful Experience.

There are two important keys to Visualization: See Yourself succeeding and imagine Yourself overcoming every type of Obstacle. You are Unstoppable. You have prepared hard to be Successful and you deserve to be Successful.

Continue to Practice regularly until you take your Exam. If any specific topic is still giving you trouble, do some targeted work in those Areas. Review your  Notes and Practice Questions dealing with those Topics. Continue to work on QUIZ/Practice Questions given in the SCC Modules that will develop your Confidence.

In the days leading up to the Exam, try to get regular Exercise and adequate Sleep. Exercise, even a short Walk, helps you manage your Stress. You may have a little trouble sleeping the night before the Exam, so you want to be well rested in the days leading up to the Exam.

To be at your best, your body must be conditioned to be awake and ready to work at the time that your CSAT is given. Become accustomed to waking up at the proper time for the entire week leading up to the Exam. It is also important not to go to bed at a ridiculously early hour the night before the Exam.

Syllabus: CSAT (Prelims) - Paper I - General Studies      (Marks: 200,    Duration: 2 hours)

  • Current Events of National and International importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation.
  • General Science.


  • The Question Paper will be of the Objective Type (Multiple Choice Questions).
  • The Question Paper will be set both in Hindi and English.
  • The Paper will be of two hours duration.

PENALTY FOR WRONG ANSWERS (Only for Preliminary Examination):

  • For each Question for which a wrong Answer has been given by the Candidate, one third of the marks assigned to that Question will be deducted as Penalty.
  • If a Candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happens to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that Question.
  • If a Question is left blank i.e. no answer is given by the Candidate, there will be no penalty for that Question.

CSAT (Main) - General Studies

  • PaperI

    General StudiesI                                250Marks

    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and
    Geography of the World and Society)


    General Studies  –II                                  250 Marks

    (Governance,  Constitution,  Polity, Social Justice  and
    International relations)


    General  Studies  –III                               250 Marks

    (Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)


    General Studies –IV                                 250 Marks

  • (Ethics,Integrityand Aptitude)

  • General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

    • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • Modern  Indian  history  from  about  the  middle  of  the eighteenth   century  until  the  present- significant events, personalities, issues
    • The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors   /contributions   from  different   parts   of  the country.
    • Post-independence   consolidation   and   reorganization within the country.
    • History of the world will include events from 18th  century such  as  industrial  revolution,  world  wars,  redrawal   of national     boundaries,   colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. their forms and effect on the society.
      Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.Role of women  and  women’s  organization,  population and  associated  issues, poverty  and  developmental  issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
    • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
    • Social  empowerment,   communalism,   regionalism   & secularism.
    •  Salient features of world’s physical geography.
    • Distribution of key natural  resources  across  the  world (including South Asia and the Indian sub continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
    • Important Geophysical phenomena  such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,  geographical features  and their location, changes in critical geographical features  (including water bodies  and ice caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  • General Studies-II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
  •  Indian Constitution historical underpinnings, evolution, features,  amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and  challenges pertaining to  the  federal structure, devolution  of powers  and  finances up to  local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation  of  powers  between   various  organs  dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures ‐ structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure,  organization and functioning of the  Executive and the  Judiciary Ministries and Departments  of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment  to  various  Constitutional  posts,  powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi judicial bodies.
  • Government  policies and interventions  for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development  processes  and  the  development  industry the  role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and  associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare   schemes    for   vulnerable    sections    of   the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these  schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions  and Bodies constituted  for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  •  Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important  aspects  of governance,  transparency  and accountability,e-governance applications,models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency  & accountability  and  institutional  and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important  International  institutions,  agencies  and  their structure, mandate.
  • General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian   Economy   and    issues   relating    to    planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development  and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops   cropping patterns  in various parts  of the country,   different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage,  transport   and  marketing  of agricultural produce and issues and related  constraints;  e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related  to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support  prices; Public Distribution System objectives,  functioning,  limitations,  revamping;issues of buffer   stocks  and   food   security;   Technology  missions; economics of animal rearing.
  • Food processing  and  related  industries  in India scope and  significance,location,upstreamand downstream
    requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects  of  liberalization  on  the   economy,  changes  in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure:  Energy, Ports,  Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science   and    Technology developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements   of   Indians   in   science   &  technology; indigenization of technology and developing             new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano‐technology, bio‐technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external  state  and  non‐state  actors  in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to  internal  security  through  communication networks,  role  of  media  and  social  networkingsites  in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention
    · Security  challenges  and  their  management   in  border areas;linkages of organized crime with terrorism  Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
  • General Studies-IV:   Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

    This paper  will  include questions  to  test  the  candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced  by him in dealing with  society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects.  The following broad areas will be covered.

    Ethics and Human Interface:  Essence, determinants and consequences  of Ethics in    human  actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.   Human Values –  lessons  from  the  lives and  teachings  of  great leaders,   reformers   and   administrators;   role   of  family, society and educational institutions in inculcating  values.

  • Attitude:content,structure,function;its influence and relation  with thought  and  behaviour;  moral  and  political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  • Aptitude  and  foundational   values  for  Civil   Service  , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

  • Emotional intelligence‐concepts,  and  their  utilities  and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions  of moral thinkers  and  philosophers  from India and world.
  • Public/Civil     service     values     and      Ethics    in     Public administration:  Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas  in  government   and  private  institutions;  laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;accountability and ethical   governance; strengthening  of ethical and  moral values in governance; ethical   issues   in   international    relations   and   funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance:  Concept  of  public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing   and    transparency    in   government,Right to Information,  Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.


  • The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies Papers will be such that a well-educated Person will be able to answer them without any Specialized Study.
  • The questions will be such as to test a Candidate's General Awareness of a variety of Subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.
  • The questions are likely to test the Candidate's basic understanding of all relevant issues, and the ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting Socio-Economic Goals, Objectives and Demands.
  • The Candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct Answers.

Recommended Reading Material:

Title & Author:

An Introduction to the Constitution of India D.D.Basu

Our Parliament Subash Kashyap

Biology for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Physics for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Chemistry for VIII-XII Std NCERT

History for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Economy for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Geography for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Polity for VIII-XII Std NCERT

Anatomy & Physiology for Nurses Courses

Evelyn Pearce Know your body Reader's Digest

Indian Economy Dutt & Sundaram

12th FYP plan Paper

Economic Survey of India Government of India

General Principles of World Geography Charles Farro

Monsoon Asia Charles Farro

School Atlas

Modern India Bipin Chandra

A Cultural History of India--Edited by A. L. BASHAM

Publication Division : Gazetteer of India (Vol 2 : History & Culture)

Gandhi Nehru Tagore & Ambedkar — Gopal Krishna

India after Gandhi R C Guha

Social Problem - Ram Ahuja

Social Welfare Magazine - Published by Ministry of Social Welfare

IIPa Journals on selective Topics

2nd ARC reports ( Selective Readings )

INDIA Yearbook 2014

ALL Backgrounders & Special Features of Last One Year - PIB Releases

Mental Ability - Quantitative Apitude by R.S. Aggarwal

Economic Times & Hindu Newspaper

Frontline and Political & Economic weekly Periodicals

Yojana,Kurukshetra & World Focus Periodicals

Our Modules Related To New Addition Of Paper IV (Ethics,Integrity and Aptitude)

Regular viewing of BBC World News & any Premier Indian News channel(Prime time Programmes like We the People of NDTV Channel, Prime Time News etc)

English Grammer Wren & Martin

Any good book on the Hobby you will mention in your interview Detailed Application Form of UPSC.